Text playlist #4 — 2018-04-09

The Cognitive Miser – cognitive lode by ribot  – by Ribot
Our judgment is often biased because we minimize cognitive effort and intuitively substitute the harder questions for the easier ones. A key question is whether or not people realize that they are doing this and notice their mistake.

Price-Value Bias – cognitive lode by ribot  – by Ribot
In a nutshell, it’s all based on the fact that our preferences for products can change over time, resulting in what’s called ‘buyer’s remorse’.

Centre-Stage Effect – cognitive lode by ribot  – by Ribot
In a study on this phenomenon, researchers at the University of Chester presented participants with pictures of objects and asked them to indicate which object they preferred. Each picture consisted of 5 objects placed horizontally in a line, and each were similar versions of the same item.

Completeness Effect – cognitive lode by ribot  – by Ribot
Could I take your attention for just a moment? Now, picture in your mind two sandwiches. These sandwiches are pretty much identical to one another, but the only difference between them is that while one sandwich is left whole, the other one is sliced diagonally in half.

Optimism Bias – cognitive lode by ribot  – by Ribot
Over the years, Tali Sharot and her colleagues at University College London have found countless evidence of the Optimism Bias.

Visualizing the Meaning of Life: The Drip Coffee Model  – by Charles Chu
Recently, I found a book by Israeli philosopher Iddo Landau titled How to Find Meaning in an Imperfect World. This is not a self-help book. Instead, it’s full of clear ideas on how to think about the meaning of life.

The Many Ways our Memory Fails Us (Part 3)
In the first two parts of our series on memory, we covered four major “sins” committed by our memories: Absent-Mindedness, Transience, Misattribution, and Blocking, using Daniel Schacter’s The Seven Sins of Memory as our guide.

The Many Ways Our Memory Fails Us (Part 2)
In part one, we began a conversation about the trappings of the human memory, using Daniel Schacter’s excellent The Seven Sins of Memory as our guide. (We’ve also covered some reasons why our memory is pretty darn good.


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